发表于 2019-4-12 00:43:19
第三课时 Section A (Grammar Focus-4c)
How long have you had that bike over there? I’ve had it for three years.
How long has his son owned the train and railway set? He’s owned it since his fourth birthday.
Have you ever played football? Yes, I did when I was little, but I haven’t played for a while now.
表示从过去已经开始持续到现在的动作或状态，可以和表示“从过去某一时刻延续到现在的一段时间状语”连用，如“for + 时间段”、“since + 过去时间点”、“since + 过去时的从句”、“since + 一段时间 + ago”。且for与since引导的时间状语可以相互转换。
e.g. My uncle has worked at this factory for ten years.
= My uncle has worked at this factory since ten year ago.
I’ve lived here since 1990．
I haven’t seen him for three years.
She’s been at this school since five years ago.
1.这本书我买了5年了。I’ve had the book for five years.
2. 你哥哥参军多长时间了？How long has your brother been in the army/been a soldier?
borrow — keep buy — have put on — wear
catch a cold — have a cold get to know — know
get to sleep — sleep
2. 转化为“be + 形容词/副词/介词/名词”
begin / start — be on go out — be out close — be closed
open — be open get to/arrive/reach — be (in)
die — be dead leave — be away finish — be over
fall sleep — be asleep join — be in/be a member of
become — be make friends — be friends
come/go — be + 相 应的介词短语
（ ）1. —Have you ever been to an aquarium? —No, _____.
A. I have B. I am not C. I haven’t D. I hasn’t
（ ）2. —I’ve never been to a water park. — _______
A. Me, too B. Me, neither. C. Me also. D. Me both.
（ ）3. Has the train _____ yet?
A.got to B.reached C.arrived D.arrived at
（ ）4.The teacher asked _____.
A.what’s your name B.what was your name
C.what your name is D.what your name was
（ ）5.—Do you mind if I stay here a little longer? —_____.
A.No, you can’t B.Yes, you may C.Certainly not D.Yes, not at all
（ ）6.How long has his brother _____ the book?
A.kept B.bought C.lent D.borrowed
（ ）7.I’ve never seen such a fine picture _____.
A.ago B.before C.yet D.later
（ ）8.—Has the foreigner been to many interesting places in Beijing?
—Yes, but he has not _____been to many other parts of China.
A.already B.still C.yet D.never
完成《学练优》Unit 10 第三课时部分。